When a workers compensation claim is denied, individuals in Florida have the right to file an appeal and present their case before a judge. This process can be intimidating, as it can involve an extended settlement negotiation period, numerous court proceedings, a lot of paperwork, and the presentation of new evidence. The outcome of the workers comp judge decision can have long-lasting consequences, and understanding the nuances of the decision can be difficult. To help you know what to expect from a judge’s decision, we’re going to explore what the decision can impact, what the process looks like, how long it may take, and more.

Workers Comp Judge Decision in Florida

The Importance of a Workers Comp Judge Decision On Your Case

An appeal to a judge to review your workers’ compensation case can have far-reaching implications on more than just your compensation benefits. For instance, if your case involves civil or criminal liability cases, the workers’ comp judge’s decision can play a crucial role in determining the outcome of those proceedings. The verdict of these cases can have a domino effect on different aspects of your life, affecting your employment, finances, and legal standing among other things.

Additionally, a workers comp judge decision is final in most cases, meaning that you can’t file any more appeals if the judge denies your claim, so it is prudent to seek legal guidance and representation when looking to initially appeal the first claim denial. With the right information, an experienced workers compensation lawyer can present your case in a way that gives you the best chance of success, while safeguarding your rights and interests. Read on to learn more about preparing for the compensation hearing, what the appeal process looks like, and what to expect from it.

The Workers Comp Process & Preparing For Your Workers Compensation Hearing: What Happens First?

In Florida, you’re given a 30-day window to report any work-related injuries to your employer. After which, your employer has 7-days to notify your insurance provider. The insurance company will then investigate the incident and determine if it qualifies for compensation – this is called the “initial claim determination”. If the claim is accepted, benefits will be paid out to you, but if the insurance company rejects the claim or only grants a portion of it, you are eligible to file an appeal.

Mediation & Pre-Trial Conferences

Before your case goes to a hearing with a workers’ comp judge, you’ll be required to attend other court dates and proceedings, like mediation and a pre-trial conference. A mediation session, which is an informal meeting between you and the insurance company, allows both sides to come together and try to negotiate an out-of-court settlement that meets the needs of both parties involved. This can be a beneficial way of resolving a workers’ comp case without having to go through the more involved hearing process. If mediation fails to resolve the issue, then you’ll be required to attend a pre-trial conference.

A pre-trial conference is a meeting, during which your attorney engages with the insurance companies' lawyer and the judge assigned to your case. The goal of this meeting is to discuss various matters related to your case, including potential settlement options, witness statements, and any evidence that may exist. This is an important step in the legal process, as it allows your attorney to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of your case, and to develop a solid legal strategy tailored to your specific situation.

Preparing for a Workers Comp Hearing

When preparing for your hearing, you’ll want to collect all the relevant evidence and documentation that supports your claim. This includes medical records, witness accounts, employment records, photographs of the injury site, and any other information that helps prove why you’re entitled to workers compensation benefits. You should also prepare an organized list of the facts that you’ll present at your hearing.

The Workers Comp Hearing Process in Florida: What to Expect

At the workers’ comp hearing, you’ll need to make a strong case for yourself in front of the judge. The key to success here is to be polite, punctual, and respectful. The judge is not only looking at the facts, evidence, and laws associated with your case, but they’re also going to evaluate your credibility through factors like your demeanor and overall character. It is important to dress appropriately for the hearing - you don't need to be in a suit or traditional business attire, but aim for clothes that are clean, and neat. When explaining your situation to the judge, make sure you're thorough. Every small detail could be the one that sways the case in your favor.

Who Attends A Workers Comp Hearing?

In a workers comp hearing, you and your lawyer are expected to attend. Likewise, present are the insurance company's lawyer and the compensation judge. Other attendees may involve a court reporter, witnesses (such as co-workers, supervisors, as well as doctors or other experts), an employer representative, and an insurance company agent.

Presenting Documents and Other Evidence

At the beginning of the hearing, both sides will provide the judge with documents, also known as exhibits, that are entered in as supporting documentation or evidence. Commonly submitted documents include medical records of the employee, unpaid medical bills, evidence of lost wages supported by previous pay stubs, employment records, and depositions and reports from expert witnesses. When applicable, job searches, transferable skills analysis, and vocational evaluations may also be submitted. It is important to note, that in Florida, you must let the insurance company’s lawyer know which records will be submitted beforehand, otherwise the judge may dismiss the documents as evidence.

Testifying and Cross-Examination

After submitting the documents, the judge will conduct a thorough review and commence an inquiry. This is the stage where both parties will provide testimony and undergo cross-examination. The judge will put the injured individual (you) under oath to tell the truth, at which point, you will be asked to recount what happened leading up to and after the accident. This will involve detailing how you were injured, what symptoms and limitations have been brought forth by the injury, and what medical treatment was required to address your injury. You may also be asked to outline whether you can resume your normal job duties, and what economic impacts have resulted from the injury.

The opposing party, the insurance company’s lawyer, may follow up with a series of questions in an attempt to call into question the claimant's reliability, credibility or any inconsistencies within their testimony. It is important for claimants to remain level-headed and honest throughout this process as lying could lead to significant legal repercussions. If you don't know the answer, don't guess; instead, say, "I don't know" or "I can't remember." Keep in mind that the judge is assessing your credibility during your testimony, so being rude, evasive, or dishonest could hurt your chances of a favorable workers comp judge decision.

Other Witnesses’ Testimony

At the hearing, both you and the insurance company may call upon additional witnesses, such as colleagues who witnessed the accident, the claims adjuster who denied the coverage, and subject matter experts. Usually, doctors provide their testimony ahead of time by deposition, instead of appearing in person. However, vocational and other experts may testify in person. Following this stage, both parties will provide closing arguments outlining why they believe their assertions are valid. The judge will then review all the evidence before making a ruling, which is usually not made at the hearing itself.

Understanding The Workers Comp Judge Decision: How Long Does It Take?

After the hearing, the judge will take some time to consider both the evidence submitted and the testimony of both sides. During this timeframe, both you and the insurance company may have the opportunity to submit an additional written brief with arguments that support your side of the case. Depending on the complexity of the case, the workers comp judge decision could take as little as a few days, upwards of a few months. On average, the time it takes for a decision to be issued is between 30-90 days. Once a decision has been reached, it will be written out and mailed to your workers’ comp lawyer, and the insurance company along with an explanation of the ruling.
In most cases, the decision of the workers comp judge is final. While you can appeal their ruling, the appeals hearing for this would not be for the actual final ruling, but would be looking at whether the judge misapplied the law or made mistakes during the hearing. To win this kind of appeal, you need to have indisputable proof that the judge made an error. The deadline for this could be as short as a week or two, so having an experienced workers’ comp lawyer by your side is crucial to this final step in the process.

Are There Factors That Affect The Length of Workers Comp Cases?

The length of a workers comp case depends on the individual circumstances of each case. If the claim is approved at the initial stage, and is considered an “indisputable” claim, these cases tend to get approved faster (within weeks). Characteristics of these cases include having workers comp coverage, a reported injury within the law’s prescribed timeframe, having medical records that support your injury claim, and having witnesses that can prove that the injury occurred at work.

On the other hand, if your claim is denied or in dispute, it may take longer to resolve (months to years). Factors that contribute to this situation include a lack of evidence supporting your injury such as medical records or witnesses; disputes between you and the insurance company about whether the injury occurred at work, the extent of the injuries, or how much compensation you should receive; and complex legal issues that require further investigation or review. Therefore, it’s important to make sure you present your case in the most effective way possible, in order to improve your chances of having your claim approved and getting the compensation you deserve.


Understanding the workers comp judge decision process and being well-prepared for your hearing in Florida is crucial for obtaining the benefits you deserve. To improve your chances of securing proper workers compensation benefits, gather all necessary evidence related to your injury, and contact the experienced Orlando workers compensation attorney Frank Eidson. With decades of experience in this field, and knowledge of the legal issues surrounding workers comp claims, Frank Eidson can provide you with the advice and representation you need to get the benefits that you're entitled to. Contact him today at 407-245-2887 for a free consultation, or get in touch through our online form if you have any questions.


Frank M. Eidson P.A. has been tirelessly representing the rights of Central Florida victims since 1989.

$4.2 Million

Auto Accident

$2.3 Million

Workers Comp Case

$5.65 Million

Auto Accident

Free, No Obligation Case Review.

Fill out our contact form below for your free, no obligation case review.

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Help provide wounded servicemen and women with therapeutic outdoor adventures. Like our Facebook page and we'll contribute $1 to Wounded Warriors Outdoors.

Contact Our Orlando Attorney

If you have been injured in an accident, turn to Frank M. Eidson P.A. Whether your case is a simple collision or a complicated auto wrongful death case, contact personal injury lawyer Frank Eidson today to schedule your free consultation.